History of the convoy 35
After the direct deportation from the Loiret camps or via the Drancy camp of the Jews interned following the Vel d’Hiv roundup on July 16 and 17, 1942, the Loiret camps were virtually empty.
The French authorities interned at Pithiviers more than a thousand Jews, most of whom were French and many of whom were born in France and presumed not to be deportable at that time.
At the insistence of the German authorities, the French police prepared their deportation. 1000 by convoy 35, the others being transferred to Drancy to be deported by convoy 36.
Convoy 15 left Pithiviers on September 21, 1942 at 6:15 a.m. for Auschwitz.
It transported 1,000 Jews, including 460 women. 168 were under the age of 18.
The convoy was stopped at Cosel (Silesia, Poland) to select 200 men for forced labor.
On arrival at the camp, 550 were gassed.
At liberation, there were 37 survivors.