History of the convoy 13
After the Vel d’Hiv roundup, 7618 Jews (couples or women with children) were transferred to the Loiret, 4244 to Pithiviers and 3374 to Beaune la Rolande. Couples without children and singles were transferred to Drancy (4992).
In many of these families, the husbands had been arrested in May 1941 and deported from Pithiviers or Beaune la Rolande by one of convoys 4, 5 or 6.
Convoy 13 left Pithiviers on July 31, 1942 at 6:15 a.m., bound for Auschwitz.
It transported 1052 Jews, including 359 women. 147 were under 18 years of age.
Many families were split up and spread over several convoys. In addition, young children were separated from their mothers and left alone and then transferred to Drancy from where they were deported to Auschwitz.
There was no selection on arrival.
At liberation, there were 21 survivors, including one woman.